(Date: 2 October 2020)

Lighting is not adding more light in the scene but it about subtracting light and adding shadows, to give depth, emotion, and mood into the scene. There are different light techniques like Fate lighting, Paramount lighting, Loop lighting, Rembrandt lighting, Split lighting, Top-down lighting but all these light techniques are based on three-point lighting. Three-point lighting is one of the most important and versatile things you can do in an object lighting setting. Mastering the triple lighting technique opens up endless possibilities for lighting. This technique can be used in photography, video, and even the stage. Whatever the lighting setup is, it should be somehow based on this principle.

1. Key Light 

The key light is also the Main light. It should be the strongest light in your scene. The main exposure of the scene is based on this key light according to the scene’s demand. Whenever you start lighting any subject, you have to first place the key light according to the scene. On depending the placement of key light, we can set up other two light setups. Especially in an indoor shoot like YouTube setup key light is a very primary source of light. In YouTube setup or any interview key light must be placed at the front of the character. You can place it at 45-degree top-head angle to brighten up the character’s face. By just changing the place of the key light, you can create different light effects. As an example, if you place the key light in front of the character then it called flat lighting. And if you place the key light at 180-degree angle then it makes Split lighting.

2. Fill Light 

After placing the key light, it cast some shadow at the opposite direction of the character. To fade up those shadows, we use Fill light. It helps not keep the shadow area completely dark. Fill light is also the low-intensity light in a three-point lighting setup. Fill light is the most important light because it helps to retain the detailed in darker or shadow areas. For fill light, you can reflector also instead of light.

3. Background Light

Background Light separate your subject from the background and create a 3-dimensional space. The first way to do this is to place a light source behind your Character, directing it back to the character. It is recommended that the backlight highlights the contours of your character gently and the intensity is still not stronger than your key light. Another way to separate the character from the background is to use lights like a lamp in the background itself. This light, usually from behind your subject, shines onto the background.

Note: We can also create the thee point light setup with two light instead of three light or one light stead of three. But first of all, you have to understand the purpose of these three lights. If I have one light then I use that one light as a key light and use a reflector as the fill light. And In backlight, we can use some home lamp not brighter than the key light.

Lighting Tips:

1. Always use those light, in which you can control the light intensity. Means the Lights which come with dimmer.

2. If possible, use diffusor in light. It softens the light.

3. Before starting the light setup, first switch off all light and place the key light first on the character.

4. Always keep in mind that never cast the shadow too much dark, so that you can lose the details.

5. Always keep in the mood of the scene while lighting anyone.6. If you don’t have artificial lights then use the natural sunlight as a lighting source and shoot at daylight. But in daylight also the phenomenon of light will be the same.

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