basics of filmmaking

Movie Making is all fun in the Spring Season. It is already Mid-March and nature is at our side days are longer and we can use more daylight to complete the movie that we always wanted to make.

But before you jump out and scream lights, camera and action you must acquire the basic rules of movie-making. In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about basic rules that one must follow for Movie Making. Let’s start with the Camera techniques that you must learn and use when filming the story. 

1. Extreme Wide Shot 

Look at the image above this is an extreme wide shot or establishing shot. In a movie making the extreme wide shot is used at the start of a scene to map out the geometry so the audience understands where everything is fairly simple this is a wide shot and it’s often used to give a nice wide view of everything that’s going on. So don’t forget to use extreme wide shots for your movie it will provide a big canvas look to your movie. As a movie-maker, you must have this shot listed in your shot compositions.

2. The Mid Shot  

The above image will give you the idea of a mid-shot a little bit closer in and it’s from the way to the head of the subject. At the beginning of the movie this shot is recorded, to establish the personality traits of the subject. The idea is to familiarize the audience with the appearance of the subjects. For example, how do they walk, what type of clothing they wear, how do they look, etc.

3. Medium Close-Up Shot 

This is a medium close-up and at this point, we’re starting to make important decisions. It is a time where the audience’s attention
goes straight into the emotions of the characters. This close-up is commonly used in someone’s face or something else that’s important in telling the story.

Extreme close-up

In this shot, you gonna notice that they’re commonly just people’s

eyes so that you can convey their emotions. Most of the time new film-makers commits mistake we have seen their footage and found that every shot is a wide shot. This is not recommended, do not do this the whole point of cinematography is to cross what the audience is looking at and if you do this it leaves nothing to the imagination because they can see everything. 

The Rule of Thirds

All right so the rule of thirds probably the most golden rule out of all the rules in photography and cinematography. Rules of third in the simple words are that instead of using the center of the frame. The Filmmakers could showcase more of the background by taking the character or
subject out of the center and moving it along one of these intersecting lines in the frame.

This subject that you are looking at is known as the rule of thirds there’s a person in the frame then their eyeline should generally be on the top third they should also be looking into the other two-thirds of the screen. If there’s space behind them like this then you’re doing it wrong because there’s nothing for them to look into.  

From the Film click here to watch the full film Karma

There are nine equal blocks that you can divide each frame up into
with four intersecting points placing your subject on one of these four
intersecting point creates this much more dynamic communication or
the conversation really can happen with the person viewing the artwork or photo or video or painting.

So film your subject considering the rules of third it will surely create a good visual appeal for your audience.


High Angle Shot

It looks a bit strange this is a high-angle shot and it is generally used to make the subjects or small vulnerable and powerless. This is used to intimidate the audience with the weakness of the characters 

The Low angle shot 

The low angle shot from the movie Karma click here to watch full movie

And the shot above you see is called a low angle shot often known as the hero angle and it’s because it makes the subjects feel very

large and powerful. A perfect entry for the protagonist in your films. You must film at least some time with this angle it is really fun.  

Over-the-shoulder shot

This is an over-the-shoulder shot you’ll commonly see this in interviews but it’s used whenever people are talking so you see it in films as well the idea of this is just that when you swap around the other side it’s on the other person’s shoulder hence the name over the shoulder shot.  

The 180 Degree Rule 

180 Degree rule click here for source image

If we rotate around to the other shoulder and look over the right-hand shoulder of this person it’s wrong we’re breaking a rule called a 180-degree rule. The idea with this is just if we’re looking over the same shoulder of both characters when the camera cuts are sometimes a little bit confusing for the audience.  

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